Fungus is found all over the world and exists in all types of environments. While not all fungi are dangerous for human beings, some of them can cause acute to severe fungal infections. According to doctors and dermatologists, these infections usually occur in the superficial layer and usually involve hair, nails or skin. To treat this type of ailment, the pharma product manufacturers in India usually provide doctor-prescribed antifungal medicines.
What are antifungals?
People who have a compressed immune system are usually more likely to develop fungal infections. To cure them, a healthcare provider can prescribe antifungals which are different forms such as,
- Oral pills or liquids
- Injections or IV shots
- Vaginal suppositories
- Topical skin creams, gels, sprays and even ointments
Oral antifungal drugs from medicine manufacturing companies in India are medicines given when fungal infections are very serious or extensive. The choice of drugs given to a patient depends on multiple factors, namely,
- Type of infection
- Medical history of the patient
As per the available data, oral antifungals are classified into the following main categories – azoles, allylamines, polyenes, echinocandins and other miscellaneous drugs. Usually, the medicine is chosen after knowing which organ has been impacted but it becomes necessary to start this treatment at the earliest before the pathogen cultures itself and spreads to other parts of the patient’s body.
Symptoms of fungal infections
According to the pharma product manufacturers in India, fungal infections in patients can be identified based on the following symptoms:
- Oral thrush: Leading to the development of white lesions in the patient’s mouth
- Nail fungus: Discoloured, brittle and deformed nails
- Ringworm of the body: causing itchy rashes on limbs and torso
- Vaginal yeast infection: Thick white discharge and pain while urinating along with redness and swelling in the vaginal area
- Jock itch: Red and itchy rash in the groin area and inner thighs
- Ringworm of the scalp: localized scaly patches, and plaques on the scalp making it itchy and tender, resulting in hair loss
How do oral antifungals work?
Oral antifungals are medications that are used to treat fungal infections in the body. These drugs work by targeting the fungi that cause infections and preventing them from growing or killing them.
There are several types of oral antifungal medications available, and each one works in a slightly different way. However, most antifungals work by targeting the cell membranes of the fungi. Fungal cells have a unique cell membrane structure that contains ergosterol, a type of sterol that is not found in human cells. Antifungals disrupt the formation of ergosterol in the fungal cell membrane, causing the membrane to become weakened and allowing the contents of the cell to leak out. This ultimately leads to the death of the fungal cells.
Some oral antifungal medications work by interfering with the cell wall of the fungi. For example, echinocandins inhibit the synthesis of beta-glucan, a key component of the fungal cell wall. This causes the cell wall to become weakened, eventually leading to the death of the fungal cells.
Another way that oral antifungals can work is by targeting specific metabolic pathways in fungi. For example, griseofulvin works by interfering with the fungal cell’s ability to reproduce and spread.
It is important to note that oral antifungal medications can have side effects, and it is important to speak with a healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate medication and dosage for a specific fungal infection. Additionally, certain antifungal medications may interact with other medications or medical conditions, so it is important to disclose all medications and medical history to a healthcare provider before starting treatment.
Use oral antifungals from trusted manufacturers!
Ciron Drugs is one of the world-recognized medicine manufacturing companies in India adept at providing quality oral antifungals to patients. We have catered our effective services which are backed by a strong R&D team to 150-plus countries for the treatment of all types of fungal infections. Our team takes pride in offering quality and effective oral antifungals at pocket-friendly prices. To get rid of fungal infections impactfully and recover health, contact us for the prescribed medicines.